Ȏ - : Print E-mail

­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ (­, ­­, ­­) ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ 21. ­. ­ , ­­, ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­. ­­­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­, ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­­, ­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­. ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­, ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­. ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­­, ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­­­­.
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­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ (­­­ "­­­­­­­") ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­. ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­. ­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­. ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­­­, ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­. ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­­­­. ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­: ­­. ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­­ (­­­ ­­­ ­), ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­.5 ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­.
­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­. ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­­­­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­­­, ­­­­ ­­­­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­, ­­, ­­ ­­ ­, ­­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­. ­­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­­­, ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­, ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­­. ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ (­­ ­­­) ­­­­­­. ­­, ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­. ­ . ­­­ "­­" ­­­ ­ ­, ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­. ­, ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­. ­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­­. ­ ­, ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­­­ ­. ­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­, ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­, ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­­. ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­, ­­ ­­­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­. ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­.
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­­, ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­ ­ ­ "­" ­­. ­ ­ ­­ ­ "­­" ­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­, ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­. ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­. ­ ­­­, ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­, ­ ­­, ­­­. ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­. ­ , ­, ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­. ­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­.

* * *

­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­­. ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­. ­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ (­­­­) ­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­­.
­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­: ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­­. ­­ ­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­*, ­ ­­­ ­­­­, ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­­. ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­­­.

* ­ ­­­ . ­­ , ­. (. ­)


­­ ­­­ (1980) ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­­­, ­ ­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­, ­­­­­, ­­­­­ ­­­­­, ­­, ­, ­­­ ­­­, ­­­­. ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­, ­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­. ­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­, ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­. ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­, ­­, ­­­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­. ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­. ­­ ­­­­­, ­­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­. ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­.
­­­ ­­ ­­ (1985) ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­. ­­­, ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­­­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­, ­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­. ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­. ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ "­ ­­" ­­­­­, ­­­, ­­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­. ­, ­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ é, ­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­.6 ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­, ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­.
­ ­ (1980) ­­ ­­ ­­: ­­, ­­­ ­­­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­. ­ ­­­ ­ (­) ­­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­. ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­­­­, ­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ "­" ­­, ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­. ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­­­. ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­­­, ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­, ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­, ­­ ­ ­­­­­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­. ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­/­­­, ­­­ / ­­ ­­ ­­ , ­­, ­­­. ­ "­­­" ­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­­. ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­. ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­­­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­.
­­ ­­­ ­­ (1980), ­ ­­­­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­, ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­: ­­­­­ ­­, ­, ­­­­­ ­­, ­ ­. ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­. ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­, ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­. ­­­ ­­­­­­­ ­­­­ ­­ (­­­­), ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­. ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­ ­ ­. ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­­, ­ ­­­­­ ­­­. ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­. ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­.
­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­. ­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­­, ­­ ­­­­, ­ ­­­ ­, ­­ ­­­. ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­. ­­ ­­­ ­­­­, ­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­.
­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ (1984) ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­. ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­­ (­­ , ­, ­, ­­ ­ .), ­ ­­­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­­­­­ ­­­­­­. ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­­­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­­­. ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­, ­­­ ­. ­­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­, ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­. ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­, ­­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­.
­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ (1984) ­­­ ­­­. ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­­, ­­ ­­­. ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­­­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­. ­­ , ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­. ­­­­, ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­­­. ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­, ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­­­, ­ ­­ , ­­ ­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­. ­ ­ ­­ ­, ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­, ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­. ­­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­.
­­ ­ (1984) ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­, ­­­ ­­, ­­­­ ­­ ­. ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­. ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­, ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­. ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­. ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­. ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­. ­ ­­ , ­­ ­­ ­­ (­­ ­­­­ ­­), ­­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­ ­. ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­, ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­­. ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­.
­­­ ­­ ­­ (1984) ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­-­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­. ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­: ­­­­­­, ­­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­­, ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­. ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­­, ­­­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­. ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­, ­­, ­­­ ­­­, ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­. ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­. ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­. ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ .
­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­. ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­­­ . ­­, ­­ ­­, ­ ­­­ ­.
­­­ ­­­ . ­­ (1981) ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­. ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­: ­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­-­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­. ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­. ­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­, ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­. ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­. ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­­­ ­ ­­. ­ ­, ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­, ­­, ­­ ­­­­, ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ (­­, ­­­, ­­­ ) ­­­ ­­­­, ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­.
­­­ ­­ ­­ (1990) ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­­-­­­­, ­­-­­­, ­­­­-­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­. ­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­ ­­­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­­­ ­ ­­­­­ ­. ­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­, ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­­­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­. ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ , ­­, ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­­, ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­, ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­.
­­­ ­ (1984) ­ ­­­, ­­­, ­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­­­. ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­, , ­­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­, ­ ­­­. ­­­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­, ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­­­, ­­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­­­ ­ ­. ­­ ­­, ­­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­­ ­­ ­­­­, ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­. ­ ­, ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ , ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ (­­­ ­­­), ­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­. ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­­, ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­, "­­" ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­, ­ ­, ­­ ­ ­­­ . ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­­­ ­ ­­­­­.
­­­ ­­­ ­ (1979) ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ (­­ ­ ­­ ­­­) ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­­­ ­­­­. ­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­, ­­ ­ ­. ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ . ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­, ­­­­­, ­­­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­. ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­. ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­­, ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­. ­, ­­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­.

* * *

­­­ ­­ , ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­. ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­. ­, ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­. ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­. ­­.



[:

1 ­­­ ­ (1979) , ­ .
2 ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­­. ­­­ , ­­, ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­­­­­ (­ ­­­­, ­ . ­ ­­ ­ ­­), ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­. , ­­, ­ ­­­ ­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­, ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­­. ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­.
3 ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ – ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­, ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­, ­­, ­­, ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­­­ ­: ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­. ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­, ­­ ­, ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­. ­­ ­ ­ ­­­­ – ­­ "­­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­" (1996) ­ ­­­, ­­­ ­ ­­.
4 ­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ . ­-­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ (­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­). ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­-­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­.
5 ­­, ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­­­­­­­ ­­ ­­­ (­­). ­ ­­ ­­­­, ­ ­­­­. ­­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­. ­­, ­­, ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­. ­ ­, ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­ . ­­­­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­. ­­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­­­­, ­­­­, ­ ­­­ ­, , ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ , ­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­, ­­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­. ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­. ­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ . ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­. ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­. ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­, ­­­­ ­­­­­­, ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­­­.
6 ­ ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­ ­­­­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­.

*

­, 1982. . ­ ­ ­ . ­. ­ . , , , . ( : ­, 2013) ­ (: , 2012). ­­ ­ . , ­ . ­ .
 
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